Educators across the globe are currently facing extraordinary circumstances in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. In this context, self-isolation and lockdowns have become the ‘new normal’. Consequently, many educators have needed to move their content online – and quickly.
For those who normally teach in a brick-and-mortar setting, this may be especially challenging. However, with just a few vital insights, educators can transition to online course design and resume their classes successfully.
In this article, we’ll cover five basic principles that will help educators to move their classes online.
Tip #1 – Use the resources available to you
Few institutions will have set aside a budget for a sudden transition to online learning. Educators may therefore find themselves scrambling for online teaching tools that provide quick solutions. However, it’s important to remember that many teaching essentials don’t require specialised, expensive software.
Throughout this article, we’ll mention some of the free software options available to educators. In addition, educators should consider which of their existing materials could still be used or adapted. In many cases, existing YouTube videos may also provide useful resources.
Tip #2 – Keep it simple
Sometimes, educators may be tempted to imitate other online courses and digital media. However, trying to produce content that is on par with existing online courses is likely to result in frustration, dissatisfaction and unnecessary delays. It’s important to bear in mind that these courses have resulted from extensive input (resources, expertise and time).
In many cases, similar results can be achieved while keeping things simple. Often, some well-written and structured notes can convey information just as effectively as a high-quality video. These can also be produced much more quickly, are less data-intensive, and provide students with a familiar medium of learning.
It’s also vital to explain key concepts, while keeping your language clear, simple and concise. Microsoft Word comes with a built-in function to determine the document’s Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level score. This is a useful resource for ensuring that your writing matches the standard reading abilities of your students.
Tip #3 – Ensure engagement
While written notes are a good place to start, they shouldn’t be the only medium for conveying information to students. This can lead to monotony, and introduces the risk of decreased student engagement.
Although it’s challenging to simulate the physical teaching environment, discussion forums can greatly enhance social learning in an online context. If your institution has a learning management system (LMS) with this built-in functionality, this should be simple to use. Some LMSs also allow students to grade each other’s work. This is a great motivator, and encourages meaningful contribution.
Those who don’t have access to an LMS can consider using MoodleCloud. This provides a free platform for groups of up to 50 users. For larger groups, educators could even use social media platforms like Facebook for discussion purposes. For educators who prefer a more synchronous approach, Google Hangouts is another useful option.
Beyond social learning, quizzes are a means of ensuring that students engage with the lesson content. The benefits of including quizzes are significant – especially in terms of increasing motivation and ensuring that students remain on track. Apart from a dedicated LMS, educators can consider free tools like the Flubaroo plug-in for Google Forms, or ThatQuiz.
Tip #4 – Remain open to feedback
As educators, we should always be learning and adapting.
For those who have been teaching for a long time, there is always the risk of falling into a familiar routine. This means lessons may lack creativity or innovation. The unfamiliarity of an online learning context may be a welcome break from routine for some – or a necessary wake-up call for others.
Each class and student group is different, and faces unique challenges. What works for some may therefore not work for others. Sending out surveys or polls could assist educators in identifying different learning styles or preferences, which will increase engagement in the long run.
Tip #5 – Demonstrate empathy
Often, it’s more difficult to respond empathetically to messages communicated through text or on-screen. For many, the online learning context is still unfamiliar territory with a new set of challenges. This means that increased empathy is required, especially on the educator’s part. Students will likely need more support and involvement now than ever before.
Because of this, it may be helpful to provide means of communication outside of the formal learning platform. If ducators are hesitant to share their personal contact details, they may consider creating a chat group, or even providing the option of video calls. Here, anything from WhatsApp to Google Hangouts or Zoom will provide ease of communication.
Naturally, empathy also applies in the process of creating learning materials and delivering lessons. Educators should remember to place themselves in their students’ shoes, and to maintain a broader perspective in the teaching process.
All the platforms discussed here are a great starting point for transitioning classes to an online format. Of course, bear in mind that free platforms often contain adverts that may be distracting. Moreover, if students don’t have unlimited data or a fast Internet connection, it’s best to avoid unnecessary images or multimedia elements.
It’s also vital for educators to resist the temptation to mimic professionally developed online courses. Instead, they should focus on practicality and pragmatism, and focus on delivering their content in a systematic and timely manner.
Ultimately, educators need to consider which approach will ensure optimal engagement. Additionally, they need to balance the learning requirements with a sense of empathy and connectedness.
Although we face uncertain times, educators can use this opportunity to explore new methods of teaching and learning. And, once the COVID-19 pandemic has ended, they may even find themselves opting for a blended-learning approach for years to come.